Monthly Archives: August 2017

Eye Problems And Care – Cataract in Canine

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Eye Problem and Cataracts in Dogs

You all must be aware of the fact that the dog’s best sense organs are ears and nose. However, not denying the fact, eyes also plays a vital role obviously in their life. Eyes are the backbone of their senses all together. They listen at high ranges of sound than humans but to follow those sounds they require eyes to see properly.

You all must have also heard about cataract. Yeah, it’s an eyesight problem but it also occurs in dogs. This write-up is for a discussion about Canine Cataract and what problems do a pooch face when they are affected by cataract eye disease.

Canine Cataracts Questions

Now, what is cataract? It is a condition that develops when the lens become opaque. It is generally develops at an old age but might also affect the younger canines of any breed and type. The cloud like appearance is seen in eyes when a pooch has cataract making it a strenuous task for him to look clearly. This hampers the canine eye vision and if proper decision is not taken at the time, it might lead to loss of vision.

Cataract condition starts at a very slow rate and with progression of time grows larger. It can be observed as small dots at the edges of the lens. Then they develop into immature cataracts that cover 15% of the lens portion (partial opacity) and then slowly covering the entire lens leading to complete blindness.

To avoid any situation like this, or realize that your pooch has cataract at any early stage require the knowledge of symptoms. Some of the signs that show an onset of cataract in dogs are:

  • Cloudy pupils in the infected eye
  • Bumping into the walls or other furniture
  • Tripping
  • Increased consumption of water
  • Increased frequency of urination

Signs and definition won’t clear out the problem from the roots. To treat a dog suffering from cataract you must know the reason why has it happened so. Few common reasons are:

  • Old age
  • Hereditary reasons
  • Diabetes
  • Side effect of medications
  • Inflamed eyes
  • Injury or trauma to the eyes
  • Nutritional deficiency

So, always have an eye towards your dog’s eyes. Keep them safe and regularly visit the vet if you think any of the symptoms exists. Examining the eyes will bring you relief rather than your dog suffering. If your canine is aged, then be very protective about his eyes and provide him with healthy nutritional diet.

“Eyes are like a dog’s soul
So find all the loopholes,
By vision, he sees you
Don’t ignore the grayish-white clue.”

 

Limping in Dogs – A Serious Concern That Needs Attention

Limping in Dogs

Limping in dogs is a known and commonly observed phenomenon. Many times, you must have observed that your dog might fall off while playing or hit something on his legs. This slows down his movement and he begins to limp. The difficulty the dogs face in walking with damaged legs is far worse than we can imagine. These accidents and incidents happen all of a sudden without any warning.

Noticing signs and recognizing symptoms when dog is limping is essential because it may help you find out the exact reason why the dog is limping.

Signs like swelling, weakness in muscles, muscular pain, bruising, reduced mobility are some major key points that helps in detecting whether your dog is limping or not.

What might cause limping in the dogs? Just accidents or injury? No, there’s more to the causes. Let’s find out.

Main Causes of Dog Limping

Main Causes of Dog Limping

Bone or Joint Problem in Dogs

There are many joints in dog’s body. The 3 important joints in the front limbs are the wrist, elbow and shoulder and in the hind legs are ankle, knee and hip. By applying a little pressure, you can know whether there are any inflamed joints or not. There are also a number of bones in a dog’s body, which can be fractured and bruised resulting in limping.

Injuries including cuts and burns in dogs

  • Sprains

Sprains are most common form of injury in pets, especially when your dog is quite active in running and other mobile activities. The behavioral change and less outdoor activities indicate that the dog might be limping. The injured portion can be carefully covered with a cloth and the dog can be taken to vet for further examination.

  • Fractures in Dogs

Your dog can hurt his limbs severely if gotten into an accident. Always be very careful while walking your dog or travelling with him and make a habit of leashing him when going out. Fractures in bones of dogs can cause great deal of pain and limping. Bone fractures need to be examined and treated by a vet only.

  • Dislocations in Dog’s Joint

Dislocation in dogs is a frequent cause of limping. Dislocation may occur due to an accident when a car hits your pooch or when he falls off from a place at height. The dog at this point suffers from an immense unbearable pain and is not able to stand on his limbs. Any amount of small weight on the limbs may even result in severe injuries. Immediately take your dog to a vet if such situation occurs.

  • Ruptured ligament

Another common and major reason of injury is a ruptured ligament, which makes the dog limp. Young and active dogs may be at the target as they are very energetic and move around a lot. Usually a ruptured ligament is healed in a few days. In these few days, the dog must rest completely because if he not healed properly it might cause trouble later.

  • Back injuries in Pets

A number of times it may happen that the spinal part of the dog is injured in an accident. The pain that the dog suffers when the injury is in the neck and back is insufferable. The dog should be instantly rushed to a vet for treatment to protect your dog’s spine from collapsing and paralysis.

causes of dog limping

Reasons other than injury in Dogs

  • Dog’s Bone tumors

Also known as, osteosarcomas, tumors mostly occur in large-breed dogs. There may or may not be signs of inflammations. However, if you press on the bones, it might induce pain in the dog. The degree of the pain lets you know the proper treatment. Vet’s advice is necessary in this case.

  • Degenerative Joint Disease of Dog

Also called as arthritis or osteoarthritis, is a common issue in old age dogs. Although now a days, many medications are available to treat arthritis and reduce joint pains cause due to it. It also improves the mobility of the dog. However, the limping might persist at a lower level.

  • Lyme Disease in Dogs

Lyme disease is a well-known tick-borne disease that infects dogs. As it turns out, this disease can cause limping in dogs and the joints may become swollen and painful. This condition may last for a few days while limping might even last for a few months. Other symptoms that depict the presence of Lyme disease are loss of appetite, fever and lethargy.

Limping conditions can range from minor to severe depending on the causes. Determining the symptoms and that your dog does have limping problem, you must consult a vet. For non-emergency limps, you can:

  • Remove and clean foreign particles of you notice them in between the toes of the pets.
  • In case of cut or torn foot and broken toenails, try to control the bleeding, use first aid, and consult a vet.
  • Confine lame dogs to restrict their movement and other activities.
  • If there is an abscesses present, soak a cloth in warm water and apply on it. If the abscesses ruptures, then take your pet to the vet and get it cleaned.
  • If any swelling is there on the dog’s legs, apply ice bags to improve the health.

In case your dog is suffering from immense pain and crying or the degree of injury is very severe, immediately take him to a vet.

Dog Joint Care Treatment

A Guide To Potential Threat : Heartworms In Dogs

Options to Treat Heartworm Disease in Pets

Heartworms are a common but a danger to the dog’s health. They are the worst kind of parasites that attack on the dog’s body but are totally preventable. Heartworms infections are spread by mosquitoes.

Heartworms house in the bloodstream of dog’s heart and blood vessels. They can grow up 10-12 inches in length and can live for 7 years in the dog’s heart. Adult heartworms treats dogs as a definitive host and produce off springs, known as microfilariae. This microfilaria is the way to infect other pets, by biting from one dog to another. There are very less chances that an infected dog is going to show early signs of infection.

Understanding And Treating Heartworms In Dogs

Heartworm infection is a serious issue in dogs as it restricts the flow of blood in the heart causing damage to the internal body parts. It weakens the heart as it has to pump more blood which may lead to heart failure.

Symptoms of heartworms in dogs are:

1. Difficulty breathing
2. Coughing
3. Fatigue
4. Anorexia (Weight Loss)
5. Rough hair coat
6. Allergic reaction
7. Collapse

Treatment-Options-Of-Heartworm-Disease-For-Pets

Facts About Heartworm Treatment in Pets

  • Treating heartworms is quite risky and expensive. All the dog owners can’t afford the treatment and it takes at least 2 months for them to undergo the entire process. After that 1 month is sort of observation for them whether the treatment have effectively worked or not.
  • Heartworm treatment only kills adult worms effectively but to kill the larvae and small worms a series of drug injection are given to the dog.
  • There is only one drug that has been approved by the FDA to kill adult heartworms in dogs.
  • In some severe cases, surgery might be required which is both expensive and fatal for the dog.
  • It is more difficult and costly to treat heartworms while prevention of the same is much cheap
  • To avoid any repercussions after the treatment, dog should not undergo any physical work or exercise and should be kept in cage under observation for 2 months.

Preventing Heartworms in Dogs

“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” – Benjamin Franklin

Living up to the above quote is quite easy and simple. In USA, heartworms have been diagnosed in all the 50 states. For betterment of your dog’s health why take any risk. Spending a few bucks which can guarantee your pooch’s health is way better than spending a lot on their treatment.

Prevention treatment of dogs can begin when they are at least 8 weeks old.

There are various medications that can be provided to dogs which the approval of vet for preventing heartworms. Some of them are:

Heartworm Preventatives for Dogs

1. Advantage Multi (Advocate) for Dogs

Its a monthly spot on treatment for dogs which comes in different package depending upon the size of the pooch. Advantage Multi for Dogs is used to prevent heartworm infections as well as treatment against fleas and other parasites

2. Heartgard Plus for Dogs

It is a heartworm preventive treatment. It is also a monthly treatment, which aids the immature stages of heartworms. Nuheart is a version of Heartgard which destroys the heartworm larvae and prevents the infection from spreading.

3. Revolution for Dogs

It is a heartworm preventive, effectively works on all the dogs irrespective of age, size and breed. Revolution for Dogs is used for multiple purpose. It also cures and prevents infestation of other parasites in dogs.