Hotspots are one of the most hideous skin diseases a dog can get. These skin lesions develop as scars or sores and are not just awfully itchy but painful too. They appear on the skin without any prior warnings and make pet’s life horrible. Therefore, it is imperative to have complete knowledge of the condition so that appropriate prevention methods could be taken in advance.
What are Hotspots on Dogs?
Hotspots, also known as pyotramatic or acute moist dermatitis are moist, red and itchy lesions on the skin that are a result of an allergic reaction in the body. Sometimes these lesions are self-inflicted by the dog or occur due to certain substances that trigger an immune response in the body. An underlying disease or poor hygiene can also result in this condition. But, since these lesions can spread easily to other parts of the body, care must be taken to prevent the condition from exacerbating to the next level.
What Are The Real Causes Of Dog Hot Spots?
Hot spots are created when a dog continuously bites or licks a spot which is itchy. However, the underlying cause of this itch could include multiple reasons like –
- Food Allergies
- Skin Infections
- Pollen Allergy
- Dust Allergy
- Flea Allergy
- Wounds on skin
- Ear Infections
- Constant licking
It is important to take proper care of these spots as they can become breeding ground for bacteria and fester if not treated on time.
How To Treat Hotspots In Dogs?
Treatment is only initiated once the underlying cause of this allergic reaction is deciphered. Normally, skin conditions are treated with antihistamines like Apoquel. It is, in fact, a very potent treatment used to subside and alleviate the symptoms of allergy like inflammation and itching. This oral tablet provides relief from inflammation within 3-4 hours and is highly effective on all dogs.
How Apoquel works?
Apoquel being a highly powerful treatment for allergic and atopic dermatitis in dogs works by getting absorbed quickly by the body and starts its action within a few hours of time. Apoquel contains an active ingredient Oclacitinib maleate which inhibits the cytokines JAK 1 and 3 responsible for producing an inflammatory and pruritogenic response in the body, thereby relieving the itchiness and irritation of the skin.
Other than Apoquel, there are other treatments which can be also be used to prevent the hotspots from recurring, like –
- Use medicated shampoo like Malacetic that facilitates healing of skin naturally because of its antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.
- Prevent the dog from scratching by using T collar.
- Keep his fur short at the spots inflicted.
- The area affected must be kept properly cleaned and patted dry.
- Keep the pet well groomed and contact the vet if any signs of infestations are found.
Hotspots are a big problem in canines and most of them suffer from it because of the lack of proper protection. In order to avoid your pet from suffering from such a terrible skin condition, make sure you take good care of his coat and overall health. It is only your vigilance and care that can help your pet stay free of this menace which afflicts the canine population tremendously.
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